social and enviromnental effects of coal mining in south africa
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social and enviromnental effects of coal mining in south africa

The Social and Environmental Consequences of Coal Mining ...

SA South Africa WESSA Wildlife and Environment Society of SA . Page 3 of 24 Introduction This case study focuses on the costs of the environmental and social effects of coal mining in South Africa, undertaken for export to the Netherlands. Coal mining

The Social and Environmental Consequences of Coal Mining ...

IntroductionThis case study focuses on the costs of the environmental and social effects of coal mining in South Africa, undertaken for export to the Netherlands. Coal mining imposes many external costs on its surroundings and the people who live in it. Some of these can be quantified by estimates, others are difficult to estimate.

Social And Enviromnental Effects Of Coal Mining In South ...

Environmental Impacts and Pollution in Coal vs. Charcoal; Coal and charcoal have different impacts on the environment. Coalmines are left open which poses risks to both human beings and animals. In addition, people are usually displaced before the start of mining, which significantly disturbs the social order among communities and families.

The impact of coal mining on the environment and community ...

The impact of coal mining on the environment and community quality of life: a case study investigation of the impacts and conflicts associated with coal mining in the Mpumalanga Province, South Africa. (Thesis). University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Engineering the Built Environment ,Department of Chemical Engineering.

Social and Economic Benefits of Coal Mining

The presence of coal mining supports economies in many ways. At the most basic level coal mining provides employment for local communities. In South Africa the coal industry totals more than 12% of the mining workforce – more than 65,000 workers – and it is estimated that more than US$1 billion in wages are paid to its workforce each year.

COAL MINING AND THE ENVIRONMENT

COAL MINING AND THE ENVIRONMENT Philip J Lloyd1 Energy Research Institute, University of Cape Town Abstract The environmental impacts of coal mining in South Africa are reviewed. The primary impacts arise from mining, particularly underground mining, largely because South African coal mines are relatively shallow.

(PDF) Coal mining and the environment - ResearchGate

The environmental impacts of coal mining in South Africa are reviewed. The primary. coal mines are relatively shallow. Coal wash ing gives rises to large waste dumps, which may. ignite ...

social and enviromnental effects of coal mining in south ...

impacts of coal mining in south africa. Environmental crisis in Mpumalanga Africa Geographic. Nov 06, 2015 In October 2012, the Bureau for Food and Agricultural Policy released a pilot study on the impact of coal mining on agriculture. 46% of South Africa’s total high potential arable soils are found in Mpumalanga, and the study found that “at the current rate of coal mining ...

South Africa: How Mining Damages Communities and the ...

Aug 27, 2018  The South African Human Rights Commission has released a scathing report on the damage mining in the country is posing to human rights. The conclusion paints a dark picture: "[T]he mining

The end of coal? Planning a 'just transition' in South Africa

Africa — and the likely impacts of a coal phase-out — we outline the key elements of a coal transition, including available policy mechanisms and the role of subnational governments. Coal in South Africa. South Africa today relies on coal to generate 92% of its electricity and to produce roughly 20% of its liquid . fuels (Department of ...

The Social and Environmental Consequences of Coal Mining ...

IntroductionThis case study focuses on the costs of the environmental and social effects of coal mining in South Africa, undertaken for export to the Netherlands. Coal mining imposes many external costs on its surroundings and the people who live in it. Some of these can be quantified by estimates, others are difficult to estimate.

Conflict implications of coal mining and environmental ...

Impact of coal mining on water quality of three artificial lakes in Morozini River Basin (Treviso, Santa Catarina State, Brazil). Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia, 23 (3), pp. 271–281. Munnik, V., G. Hochmann, M. Hlabane and S. Law 2010. The social and environmental consequences of coal mining in South Africa: A case study. Cape Town ...

Social and Economic Benefits of Coal Mining

The presence of coal mining supports economies in many ways. At the most basic level coal mining provides employment for local communities. In South Africa the coal industry totals more than 12% of the mining workforce – more than 65,000 workers – and it is estimated that more than US$1 billion in wages are paid to its workforce each year.

(PDF) Evaluating Impacts of Coal Mining in South African ...

South Africa is considered as one of the ten largest coal producers and the fourth largest coal exporting country in the world. The above claim perfectly confirms the importance of the coal mining ...

(PDF) Coal mining and the environment - ResearchGate

The environmental impacts of coal mining in South Africa are reviewed. The primary. coal mines are relatively shallow. Coal wash ing gives rises to large waste dumps, which may. ignite ...

THE IMPACT OF MINING ON THE SOUTH AFRICAN ECONOMY

Although mining in general consumes only 14% of the electricity generated in South Africa, coal is the feedstock for 91% of our electricity. Via Sasol, it is also the basis of a third of our liquid fuels, mainly petrol and diesel. Apart from those feeding Sasol, coal mines employ nearly 90 000 people.

Appendix 2: Environmental and Social Impacts of Mining

Sustainable Development (SOUTHERN AFRICA) Project, by CSIR-Environmentek, Pretoria, South Africa and Geology Department, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe. Report No. ENV-P-C 2001-042. xvi + 336 pp; J.J. Marcus, ed. Mining Environmental Handbook: Effects of Mining on the Environment and

Economic Impact of Coal Mining in South Africa

Coal is South Africa’s third largest source of foreign exchange; platinum being the largest and gold second. Around 15% of the country’s GDP (2000 estimate) is spent on energy and 77% of that is derived from coal. In 2004, the coal and lignite mining industry generated a gross income of R39 billion and directly employed 50,000 people.

A Community Torn Apart by Coal Mining Taught Me ...

Kirsten Youens is an environmental justice lawyer based in South Africa. She's the CEO of climate advocacy nonprofit All Rise, and is currently the legal representative for the Somkhele community — a rural community in South Africa's KwaZulu-Natal province, which is fighting the expansion of an open-cast coal mine just next to Africa's oldest nature reserve, Hluhluwe-iMfolozi.

12 Environmental Effects of Coal Mining - Environment 911

One of the most obvious (albeit perhaps least harmful) environmental effects of coal mining is noise pollution. Coal mining is a loud, day- and night-long process that disrupts the lives of those in the surrounding communities, reduces the quality of life and can go on for decades. #11 Loss Of Wildlife

Environment of Fear in South Africa’s Mining-Affected ...

Apr 16, 2019  The background section of this report reviews examples of how mining has caused environmental and social harms in South Africa, and is based

Environmental crisis in Mpumalanga: Why is nobody ...

In August 2014 the Bench Marks Foundation released its Policy Gap 9 on South African coal mining. This report contains an exhaustive analysis of the problems created by the extraordinary concentration of coal mines in Mpumalanga: the awful living conditions of mine-affected communities and the lamentable failure of mining companies to meaningfully or positively engage with them; the ...

The Impact Of Covid-19 On The Mining Sector - Africa

Mar 25, 2021  South Africa’s mining sector is particularly exposed to the spread of Covid-19. According to the Minerals Council of South Africa, the industry employs a workforce numbering almost 420,000, many of whom are underground on any given day. Some mines have thousands of men and women underground, descending into the depths in crowded “cages”.

Logistics Implications in the South African Coal Mining ...

The coal logistics benefits the communities where the mines and consumers are located, but it also has adverse effects on the environment. These factors are some of the major logistics implications in the South African coal supply chain. Keywords: logistics, coal supply chain, transport, coal-mining, socio-economic, environment 1. Introduction

(PDF) Evaluating Impacts of Coal Mining in South African ...

South Africa is considered as one of the ten largest coal producers and the fourth largest coal exporting country in the world. The above claim perfectly confirms the importance of the coal mining ...

Logistics Implications in the South African Coal Mining ...

The coal logistics benefits the communities where the mines and consumers are located, but it also has adverse effects on the environment. These factors are some of the major logistics implications in the South African coal supply chain. Keywords: logistics, coal supply chain, transport, coal-mining, socio-economic, environment 1. Introduction

The heavy toll of coal mining in South Africa ...

Apr 02, 2015  But South Africa, which currently generates 90 percent of its electricity through coal, is already struggling with the devastating impacts of more than a century of excessive mining.

Economic Impact of Coal Mining in South Africa

Coal is South Africa’s third largest source of foreign exchange; platinum being the largest and gold second. Around 15% of the country’s GDP (2000 estimate) is spent on energy and 77% of that is derived from coal. In 2004, the coal and lignite mining industry generated a gross income of R39 billion and directly employed 50,000 people.

Management of Environmental Impacts from Coal Mining in ...

Management of Environmental Impacts from Coal Mining in the Upper Olifants River Catchment as a Function of Age and Scale PHILIP HOBBS, SUZAN H. H. OELOFSE JEANETTE RASCHER CSIR Natural Resources the Environment, Pretoria, South Africa ABSTRACT Effective water resource governance in a water scarce environment such as South

Environmental crisis in Mpumalanga: Why is nobody ...

In August 2014 the Bench Marks Foundation released its Policy Gap 9 on South African coal mining. This report contains an exhaustive analysis of the problems created by the extraordinary concentration of coal mines in Mpumalanga: the awful living conditions of mine-affected communities and the lamentable failure of mining companies to meaningfully or positively engage with them; the ...

How mine dumps in South Africa affect the health of ...

May 02, 2018  Mining is a major economic activity in many developing countries. In South Africa, mining of gold, coal and other natural resources has played a

Report shows Mpumalanga coal mines ... - South African News

03-07-2019 17:36. in News. A new report from the Center for Environmental Rights (CER) claims a broken regulatory system in the province is allowing Mpumalanga coal mines to pollute with impunity ...

12 Environmental Effects of Coal Mining - Environment 911

One of the most obvious (albeit perhaps least harmful) environmental effects of coal mining is noise pollution. Coal mining is a loud, day- and night-long process that disrupts the lives of those in the surrounding communities, reduces the quality of life and can go on for decades. #11 Loss Of Wildlife

Social impact assessment in the mining sector: Review and ...

Aug 01, 2018  Land use-related impacts and environmental impacts affecting human health and human rights appear to be the most concerning social aspects in the mining sector. Benefits from income and employment are, instead, the main positive impacts identified in the screened literature.

Executive Summary - Advancing Environmental Rights in ...

South Africas coal reserves are estimated at around 30 billion tonnes. South Africa is home to 3.5% of global coal resources; produces 3.3% of total global annual production; and accounts for 6% of global exports. This ranks South Africa as 6th in the list of coal-exporting nations (Engelbrecht, 2010). In 2014, South Africa produced 260Mt of coal.

Coal of Africa Limited - mining companies in Africa

Coal of Africa Limited – Coal Mining in South Africa. Coal of Africa Limited (CoAL) is a developing South African coal mining company. CoAL’s three main projects are the Vele Colliery, the Makhado Project and MbeuYashu, known as the Greater Soutpansberg Project. ... The company aims to make a positive social impact on the environment and in ...

Environmental issues in Southern Africa - Wikipedia

Coal mining is one of Southern Africa's main energy source, but it holds a huge negative impact on the land's water, air and soil quality. Acid mine drainage is the result of the excess coal mining that occurs. Sulphuric Acid is released from coal mining, and although the generalizing process is slow, the time it takes for the acid to neutralize is equally as slow.

Mining - Sustainable Development

Mining Historically, South Africa has been a leading global supplier of minerals and mineral products, ... but has diminished in importance with increasing difficulty in mining the deep coal seams. ... term management of environmental, social and health impacts (including dealing with the legacy

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